PLISKA NATIONAL HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESERVE

The medieval town of Pliska occupies an area of 23 thousand decares and this makes it one of the largest medieval towns in Europe. Its founder was the first Bulgarian ruler – khan Asparuh. It had been the capital of the Bulgarian state for more than 200 years (681–893). The names of 18 Bulgarian rulers are related to Pliska – amongst them Tervel (700–721), Krum (802–814), Omurtag (814–831), Boris I Michael (852–889). The first wood constructions were raised almost at the center of Pliska and thus the khan’s residence was formed. In the course of time settlements appeared protected by ramparts and a moat.

In 811 Pliska was conquered by the Byzantine emperor Nicephoros I. During his retreat the wood constructions were scorched. Later massive stone constructions and high curtain walls were erected at that place... [+]

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